Title

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substance Plasma Concentrations and Bone Mineral Density in Midchildhood: A Cross-Sectional Study (Project Viva, United States).

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2019

Institution/Department

Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation

Journal Title

Environmental health perspectives

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that impair bone accrual during childhood is a critical step toward osteoporosis prevention. Exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been associated with lower bone mineral density, but data are limited, particularly in children.

METHODS: We studied 576 children in Project Viva, a Boston-area cohort of mother/child pairs recruited prenatally from 1999 to 2002. We quantified plasma concentrations of several PFASs and measured areal bone mineral density (aBMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in midchildhood. We used linear regression to examine associations between plasma concentrations of individual PFASs and aBMD

RESULTS: Children were [[Formula: see text]] [Formula: see text] of age. The highest PFAS plasma concentrations were of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) {median [interquartile range (IQR)]: 6.4 (5.6) ng/mL} and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) [median (IQR): 4.4 (3.2) ng/mL]. Using linear regression, children with higher plasma concentrations of PFOA, PFOS, and perfluorodecanoate (PFDA) had lower aBMD

CONCLUSIONS: PFAS exposure may impair bone accrual in childhood and peak bone mass, an important determinant of lifelong skeletal health. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP4918.

ISSN

1552-9924

First Page

87006

Last Page

87006

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