Patients with end-stage renal disease have poor outcomes after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
Journal of vascular surgery : official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal, Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation, Comorbidity, Databases, Factual, Elective Surgical Procedures, Endovascular Procedures, Female, Hospital Mortality, Humans, Kidney, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Length of Stay, Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Renal Dialysis, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome
OBJECTIVE: Although endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has been demonstrated to have favorable outcomes, not all cohorts of patients with AAA fare equally well. Our goal was to investigate perioperative and 1-year outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis, who have traditionally fared worse after vascular interventions, to assess how ESRD affects outcomes in a large modern cohort of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) patients.
METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative database was queried for all patients undergoing EVAR from 2010 to 2017. ESRD patients were compared with patients not on dialysis. Propensity-matched scoring and multivariable analysis were used to isolate the effects of ESRD.
RESULTS: Of 28,683 EVARs identified, there were 321 (1.12%) patients with ESRD on dialysis. Patients with ESRD had no difference in presenting AAA size (57.5 ± 12.7 mm vs 56.7 ± 17.2 mm; P = .44); however, they had more urgent/emergent repairs (20.6% vs 13.6%; P = .002) than those without ESRD. ESRD patients were more often younger, nonwhite, and nonobese and less likely to have commercial insurance (P < .05). ESRD patients more often had hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, previous lower extremity bypass, aneurysm repair, and carotid interventions (P < .05). There was no difference in the rate of concomitant procedures. Matching based on demographics, comorbidities, and operative details showed that ESRD patients had longer hospital length of stay (4.8 ± 9.4 days vs 4.1 ± 12.6 days; P = .026) and higher 30-day mortality (7% vs 2.4%; P < .001). There was no difference in cardiac, pulmonary, lower extremity, bowel, and stroke complications or return to the operating room. On multivariable analysis, ESRD was associated with 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 4.1; 95% confidence interval, 2.6-6.7; P < .001). Of the 24,750 elective EVARs, 1.04% had ESRD on dialysis. Matched data for elective EVAR show increased postoperative length of stay, hospital mortality, and 30-day mortality for ESRD patients on dialysis compared with those who are not. There was no association with postoperative myocardial infarction or pulmonary complications. At 1 year, patients with ESRD on dialysis had worse survival (78% vs 94%; P < .001), and ESRD was associated with higher mortality (hazard ratio, 3.3; 95% confidence interval, 2.5-4.2; P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing EVAR, ESRD is independently associated with higher perioperative and 1-year mortality despite not being associated with higher postoperative complications. This should be taken into account during informed consent for EVAR and risk-benefit considerations in this high-risk population, particularly for elective repair.
Komshian, Sevan; Farber, Alik; Patel, Virendra I; Goodney, Philip P; Schermerhorn, Marc L; Blazick, Elizabeth A; Jones, Douglas W; Rybin, Denis; Doros, Gheorghe; and Siracuse, Jeffrey J, "Patients with end-stage renal disease have poor outcomes after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair." (2019). Maine Medical Center. 1569.