Optimal Timing From Myocardial Infarction to Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting on Hospital Mortality.
The Annals of thoracic surgery
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Coronary Artery Bypass, Female, Hospital Mortality, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Registries, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Survival Rate, Time Factors, Time-to-Treatment, United States
BACKGROUND: Whether delaying coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with better outcomes or is an unnecessary use of health care resources is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between MI-to-CABG timing on in-hospital death.
METHODS: From the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group (NNE) Cardiac Surgery Registry we identified 3,060 isolated CABG patients with prior MI from 2008 to 2014. We compared in-hospital death by MI-to-CABG timing of less than 1 day, 1 to 2 days, 3 to 7 days, and 8 to 21 days. We adjusted for patient characteristics using logistic regression.
RESULTS: Among patients with prior MI, CABG was performed within 1 day for 99 (3.2%), 1 to 2 days for 369 (12.1%), 3 to 7 days for 1,966 (64.3%), and 8 to 21 days for 626 (20.5%) patients. NNE-predicted mortality was similar for patients operated on within 1 day (1.8%), 1 to 2 days (1.8%), and 3 to 7 days (1.9%), but was higher for 8 to 21 days (2.4%) of MI. Crude in-hospital mortality was higher for those with MI-to-CABG time of less than 1 day (5.1%) compared with 1 to 2 days (1.6%), 3 to 7 days (1.6%), and 8 to 21 days (2.7%, p = 0.044). Adjusted in-hospital mortality remained high for less than 1 day (5.4%; 95% CI, 1.5% to 9.4%), and similar for 1 to 2 days (1.8%; 95% CI, 0.4% to 3.1%), 3 to 7 days (1.7%; 95% CI, 1.1% to 2.3%), and 8 to 21 days (2.3%; 95% CI, 1.2% to 3.3%) between MI and CABG.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients operated on 1 to 2 days and 3 to 7 days after MI had a similar mortality rate, suggesting it may be possible to reduce the MI-to-CABG interval for some patients without sacrificing outcomes. Patients operated on within 1 day after MI had a higher mortality rate.
Nichols, Elizabeth L; McCullough, Jock N; Ross, Cathy S; Kramer, Robert S; Westbrook, Benjamin M; Klemperer, John D; Leavitt, Bruce J; Brown, Jeremiah R; Olmstead, Elaine; Hernandez, Felix; Sardella, Gerald L; Frumiento, Carmine; Malenka, David; DiScipio, Anthony; and Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group, "Optimal Timing From Myocardial Infarction to Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting on Hospital Mortality." (2017). Maine Medical Center. 1573.