The CD38 low natural killer cell line KHYG1 transiently expressing CD16 F158V in combination with daratumumab targets multiple myeloma cells with minimal effector NK cell fratricide
Maine Medical Center Research Institute
Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Cell Line, Tumor, Humans, Killer Cells, Natural, Mice, Multiple Myeloma, Receptors, IgG
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell malignancy typically associated with the high and uniform expression of the CD38 transmembrane glycoprotein. Daratumumab is a humanized IgG1κ CD38 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) which has demonstrated impressive single agent activity even in relapsed refractory MM patients as well as strong synergy with other anti-MM drugs. Natural Killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic immune effector cells that mediate in vivo tumour immunosurveillance. NK cells also play an important role during MoAb therapy by inducing antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) via their FcγRIII (CD16) receptor. Furthermore, 15% of the population express a naturally occurring variant of CD16 harbouring a single-point polymorphism (F158V). However, the contribution of NK cells to the efficacy of daratumumab remains debatable as clinical data clearly indicate the rapid depletion of CD38
Sarkar, Subhashis; Chauhan, Sachin K S; Daly, John; Natoni, Alessandro; Fairfield, Heather; Henderson, Robert; Nolan, Emma; Swan, Dawn; Hu, Jinsong; Reagan, Michaela R; and O'Dwyer, Michael, "The CD38 low natural killer cell line KHYG1 transiently expressing CD16 F158V in combination with daratumumab targets multiple myeloma cells with minimal effector NK cell fratricide" (2020). Maine Medical Center. 1746.