Title

Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2020

Institution/Department

Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics, Medical Education

Journal Title

Emergency medicine clinics of North America

MeSH Headings

Airway Management, Blood Glucose, Child, Child Abuse, Electric Countershock, Electroencephalography, Emergency Service, Hospital, Epinephrine, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Heart Arrest, Heart Defects, Congenital, Heart Rate, Humans, Hypothermia, Hypothermia, Induced, Lung Diseases, Parents, Physical Examination, Poisoning, Process Assessment, Health Care, Reference Values, Respiratory Insufficiency, Respiratory Rate, Resuscitation, Resuscitation Orders, Sepsis, Shock, Vasoconstrictor Agents, Wounds and Injuries

Abstract

Pediatric cardiac arrest is a relatively rare but devastating presentation in infants and children. In contrast to adult patients, in whom a primary cardiac dysrhythmia is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest, pediatric patients experience cardiovascular collapse most frequently after an initial respiratory arrest. Aggressive treatment in the precardiac arrest state should be initiated to prevent deterioration and should focus on support of oxygenation, ventilation, and hemodynamics, regardless of the presumed cause. Unfortunately, outcomes for pediatric cardiac arrest, whether in hospital or out of hospital, continue to be poor.

ISSN

1558-0539

First Page

819

Last Page

839

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