The 5'-deiodinases are not essential for the fasting-induced decrease in circulating thyroid hormone levels in male mice: possible roles for the type 3 deiodinase and tissue sequestration of hormone.
Animals, Fasting, Iodide Peroxidase, Iodine Radioisotopes, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Thyroid Hormones, Thyrotropin
Fasting in rodents is characterized by decreases in serum T4 and T3 levels but no compensatory increase in serum TSH level. The types 1 and 2 deiodinases (D1 and D2) are postulated to play key roles in mediating these changes. However, serum T4 and T3 levels in fasted 5'-deiodinase-deficient mice decreased by at least the same percentage as that observed in wild-type mice, whereas serum TSH level was unaffected. D3 activity was increased in kidney, muscle, and liver up to 4-fold during fasting, and the mean serum rT3 level was increased 3-fold in fasted D1-deficient mice, compared with fed animals. In wild-type mice, the tissue contents of T4 and T3 in liver, kidney, and muscle were unchanged or increased in fasted animals, and after the administration of [(125)I]T4 or [(125)I]T3, the radioactive content in the majority of tissues from fasted mice was increased 2- or 4-fold, respectively. These findings suggest that the observed fasting-induced reductions in the circulating T3 and T4 levels are mediated in part by increased D3 activity and by the sequestration of thyroid hormone and their metabolites in tissues. Studies performed in D3-deficient mice demonstrating a blunting of the fasting-induced decrease in serum T4 and T3 levels were consistent with this thesis. Thus, the systemic changes in thyroid hormone economy as a result of acute food deprivation are not dependent on the D1 or D2 but are mediated in part by sequestration of T4 and T3 in tissues and their enhanced metabolism by the D3.
Galton, Valerie Anne; Hernandez, Arturo; and St Germain, Donald L, "The 5'-deiodinases are not essential for the fasting-induced decrease in circulating thyroid hormone levels in male mice: possible roles for the type 3 deiodinase and tissue sequestration of hormone." (2014). Maine Medical Center. 273.