Organizational contributors to the variation in red blood cell transfusion practices in cardiac surgery: survey results from the state of Michigan.
Anesthesia and analgesia.
Academic Medical Centers, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Coronary Artery Bypass, Erythrocyte Transfusion, Humans, Michigan, Surveys and Questionnaires
BACKGROUND: While large volumes of red blood cell transfusions are given to preserve life for cardiac surgical patients, indications for lower volume transfusions (1-2 units) are less well understood. We evaluated the relationship between center-level organizational blood management practices and center-level variability in low volume transfusion rates.
METHODS: All 33 nonfederal, Michigan cardiac surgical programs were surveyed about their blood management practices for isolated, nonemergent coronary bypass procedures, including: (1) presence and structure of a patient blood management program, (2) policies and procedures, and (3) audit and feedback practices. Practices were compared across low (N = 14, rate: 0.8%-10.1%) and high (N = 18, rate: 11.0%-26.3%) transfusion rate centers.
RESULTS: Thirty-two (97.0%) of 33 institutions participated in this study. No statistical differences in organizational practices were identified between low- and high-rate groups, including: (1) the membership composition of patient blood management programs among those reporting having a blood management committee (P= .27-1.0), (2) the presence of available red blood cell units within the operating room (4 of 14 low-rate versus 2 of 18 high-rate centers report that they store no units per surgical case, P= .36), and (3) the frequency of internal benchmarking reporting about blood management audit and feedback practices (low rate: 8 of 14 versus high rate: 9 of 18; P= .43).
CONCLUSIONS: We did not identify meaningful differences in organizational practices between low- and high-rate intraoperative transfusion centers. While a larger sample size may have been able to identify differences in organizational practices, efforts to reduce variation in 1- to 2-unit, intraoperative transfusions may benefit from evaluating other determinants, including organizational culture and provider transfusion practices.
Camaj, Anton; Zahuranec, Darin B; Paone, Gaetano; Benedetti, Barbara R; Behr, Warren D; Zimmerman, Marc A; Zhang, Min; Kramer, Robert S; Penn, Jason; Theurer, Patricia F; Paugh, Theron A; Engoren, Milo; DeLucia, Alphonse; Prager, Richard L; and Likosky, Donald S, "Organizational contributors to the variation in red blood cell transfusion practices in cardiac surgery: survey results from the state of Michigan." (2017). Maine Medical Center. 529.