Neuregulin as a heart failure therapy and mediator of reverse remodeling.

Document Type


Publication Date



Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Cardiology

Journal Title

Curr Heart Fail Rep

MeSH Headings

Biomarkers, Cardiovascular Agents, Cardiovascular Diseases, ErbB Receptors, Heart Failure, Humans, Neuregulin-1, Recombinant Proteins, Signal Transduction, Ventricular Remodeling


The beta isoform of Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1β), along with its receptors (ErbB2-4), is required for cardiac development. NRG-1β, as well as the ErbB2 and ErbB4 receptors, is also essential for maintenance of adult heart function. These observations have led to its evaluation as a therapeutic for heart failure. Animal studies and ongoing clinical trials have demonstrated beneficial effects of two forms of recombinant NRG-1β on cardiac function. In addition to the possible role for recombinant NRG-1βs as heart failure therapies, endogenous NRG-1β/ErbB signaling appears to play a role in restoring cardiac function after injury. The potential mechanisms by which NRG-1β may act as both a therapy and a mediator of reverse remodeling remain incompletely understood. In addition to direct effects on cardiac myocytes NRG-1β acts on the vasculature, interstitium, cardiac fibroblasts, and hematopoietic and immune cells, which, collectively, may contribute to NRG-1β's role in maintaining cardiac structure and function, as well as mediating reverse remodeling.



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