Thyroid Hormone Deiodination and Action in the Gonads.
Center for Outcomes and Research, Maine Medical Center Research Institute
Curr Opin Endocr Metab Res
Thyroid Hormones, Gonads, Thyroxine
Alterations in thyroid hormone (TH) status during developmental or adult age are associated with abnormal gonadal development and function in human and animal models. In the developing testis, aberrant levels of TH action lead to disruptions in cell proliferation and differentiation, ultimately influencing testicular size, spermatogenesis, steroidogenesis and male fertility. Recent work is increasingly identifying the systems and signaling pathways in gonadal cells that are affected by TH, as well as delineating the major factors that determine TH signaling in gonadal tissue. The TH receptor alpha, the monocarboxylate transporter 8 and the type 3 deiodinase appear to be major contributors to the timely regulation of TH action in the developing testis.
Hernandez, Arturo, "Thyroid Hormone Deiodination and Action in the Gonads." (2018). Maine Medical Center. 1352.