Differences in Pulmonary and Systemic Flow Measurements by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance vs Cardiac Catheterization and Relation to Collateral Flow in Single Ventricle Patients.

Document Type


Publication Date



Pediatrics; Cardiology

Journal Title

Pediatric cardiology

MeSH Headings

Humans, Cardiac Catheterization, Heart, Lung, Univentricular Heart, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy


Both cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac catheterization (cath) may assess patients with single ventricle physiology prior to stage II or Fontan palliation. However, development of significant aortopulmonary collaterals may invalidate assumptions of the Fick method. We compared CMR and cath flow measurements and evaluated the relation to collateral flow. This single-center study included all pre-stage II and pre-Fontan patients between 2010 and 2017 with CMR and cath within 1 month. Pulmonary (Qp) and systemic flow (Qs) by cath were calculated by Fick method. CMR Qp was calculated by total pulmonary venous flow, and Qs by total vena caval flow. Collateral flow by CMR was the difference of pulmonary vein and pulmonary artery flow. In 26 studies (16 pre-stage II and 10 pre-Fontan) in 21 patients, collateral flow was higher in pre-Fontan patients (1.8 ± 0.6 vs 0.9 ± 0.8 L/min/m