Coronary Artery Disease Assessed by Computed Tomography-Based Leaman Score in Patients With Low-Risk Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.
The American journal of cardiology
Humans, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Coronary Artery Disease, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
We aimed to evaluate the burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) using the computed tomography (CT) Leaman score in low-risk transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients. The extent of CAD in low-risk patients with aortic stenosis who are candidates for TAVI has not been accurately quantified. The CT Leaman score was developed to quantify coronary CT angiography (CCTA) atherosclerotic burden and has been validated to evaluate the extent of CAD. CT Leaman score >5 has been associated with an increase in major adverse cardiac events over long-term follow-up. The study population included patients enrolled in the Low Risk TAVI trial who underwent CCTA before the procedure. For the CT Leaman score, we used 3 sets of weighting factors: (1) location of coronary plaques, (2) type of plaque, and (3) degree of stenosis. A total of 200 patients were enrolled in the Low Risk TAVI trial. Excluded were 31 patients who had no analyzable CCTA imaging. For the remaining 169 patients, the mean CT Leaman score was 6.27 ± 0.27, of whom 102 (60.4%) had CT Leaman score >5. Nearly all analyzed patients (97%) had coronary plaques. Furthermore, 33 patients (19.5%) had potentially obstructive coronary plaques (>50% stenosis by CCTA) in proximal segments. Most low-risk TAVI patients have significant CAD burden by CCTA. It should be a priority for future TAVI devices to guarantee unimpeded access to the coronary arteries for selective angiography and interventions.
Ozaki, Yuichi; Garcia-Garcia, Hector M; Rogers, Toby; Torguson, Rebecca; Craig, Paige E; Hideo-Kajita, Alexandre; Gordon, Paul; Ehsan, Afshin; Parikh, Puja; Bilfinger, Thomas; Butzel, David; Buchanan, Scott; Levitt, Robert; Hahn, Chiwon; Buchbinder, Maurice; Hanna, Nicholas; Garrett, Robert; Wilson, Sean R; Goncalves, John A; Ali, Syed; Asch, Federico M; Weissman, Gaby; Shults, Christian; Ben-Dor, Itsik; Satler, Lowell F; and Waksman, Ron, "Coronary Artery Disease Assessed by Computed Tomography-Based Leaman Score in Patients With Low-Risk Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation." (2020). Maine Medical Center. 1632.