Mechanical chest compressions improve rate of return of spontaneous circulation and allow for initiation of percutaneous circulatory support during cardiac arrest in the cardiac catheterization laboratory.
Aged, Blood Circulation, Cardiac Catheterization, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Female, Heart Arrest, Heart Massage, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Retrospective Studies
BACKGROUND: Performing advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) is challenging. Mechanical chest compression (MCC) devices deliver compressions in a small space, allowing for simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention and reduced radiation exposure to rescuers. In refractory cases, MCC devices allow rescuers to initiate percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) during resuscitation. This study sought to assess the efficacy and safety of MCC when compared to manual compressions in the CCL.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who received ACLS in the CCL at our institution between May 2011 and February 2016. Baseline characteristics, resuscitation details, and outcomes were compared between patients who received manual and mechanical compressions.
RESULTS: Forty-three patients (67% male, mean age 58 years) required chest compressions for cardiac arrest while in the CCL (12 manual and 31 MCC). Patients receiving MCC were more likely to achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (74% vs. 42%, p=0.05). Of those receiving MCC, twenty-two patients (71%) were treated with MCS. Patients receiving percutaneous ECLS were more likely to achieve ROSC (100% vs. 53%, p=0.003) and suffered no episodes of limb loss or TIMI major bleeding. There were no significant differences in 30-day survival or survival to hospital discharge between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of MCC during resuscitation of cardiac arrest in the CCL increases the rate of ROSC. Simultaneous implantation of MCS, including percutaneous ECLS, is feasible and safe during MCC-assisted resuscitation in the CCL.
Venturini, Joseph M; Retzer, Elizabeth; Estrada, J Raider; Friant, Janet; Beiser, David; Edelson, Dana; Paul, Jonathan; Blair, John; Nathan, Sandeep; and Shah, Atman P, "Mechanical chest compressions improve rate of return of spontaneous circulation and allow for initiation of percutaneous circulatory support during cardiac arrest in the cardiac catheterization laboratory." (2017). Maine Medical Center. 1678.