Prolonged Cardiopulmonary Bypass is Associated With Endothelial Glycocalyx Degradation.
Trauma & Acute Care Surgery
The Journal of surgical research
Cardiac surgery, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Damage associated molecular patterns, Endothelial glycocalyx, Neutrophils
BACKGROUND: The endothelial glycocalyx (EG) is involved in critical regulatory mechanisms that maintain endothelial vascular integrity. We hypothesized that prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may be associated with EG degradation. We performed an analysis of soluble syndecan-1 levels in relation to duration of CPB, as well as factors associated with cell stress and damage, such as mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and inflammation.
METHODS: Blood samples from subjects undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB (n = 54) were obtained before and during surgery, 4-8 h and 24 h after completion of CPB, and on postoperative day 4. Flow cytometry was used to determine subpopulations of white blood cells. Plasma levels of mtDNA were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and plasma content of shed syndecan-1 was measured. To determine whether syndecan-1 was signaling white blood cells, the effect of recombinant syndecan-1 on mobilization of neutrophils from bone marrow was tested in mice.
RESULTS: CPB is associated with increased mtDNA during surgery, increased syndecan-1 blood levels at 4-8 h, and increased white blood cell count at 4-8 h and 24 h. Correlation analysis revealed significant positive associations between time on CPB and syndecan-1 (r
CONCLUSIONS: Longer duration of CPB is associated with increased plasma levels of soluble syndecan-1, a signal for EG degradation, which can induce neutrophil egress from the bone marrow. Development of therapy targeting EG shedding may be beneficial in patients with prolonged CPB.
Robich M, Ryzhov S, Kacer D, et al. Prolonged Cardiopulmonary Bypass is Associated With Endothelial Glycocalyx Degradation. J Surg Res. 2020;251:287-295. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2020.02.011