Receipt of Survivorship Care Plans and Self-Reported Health Status among Patients with Genitourinary Malignancy.
Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Uroloygy, Surgery
The Journal of urology
Adult, Aged, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Cancer Survivors, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Care Planning, Urogenital Neoplasms
PURPOSE: Implementation of survivorship care plans has been emphasized as a key component to improving care for cancer survivors. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of survivorship care plan receipt for survivors of genitourinary malignancy including kidney, prostate and bladder cancer, and evaluate whether receipt was associated with a measurable health benefit.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Cancer Survivorship modules in 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2017 were analyzed. The proportion of patients with bladder, kidney or prostate cancer receiving a survivorship care plan was calculated. Complex samples multivariable logistic regressions were performed to determine the association of survivorship care plan receipt with sociodemographic variables, and assess the relationship between survivorship care plan receipt and self-reported health status (general, physical and mental).
RESULTS: Survivorship care plan distribution increased from 27.5% in 2012 to 39.5% in 2017. Patients with low income, less formal education and extremes of age were less likely to receive a survivorship care plan. Those receiving a survivorship care plan were less likely to report poor physical health (OR 0.70, CI 0.52-0.96, p=0.026). Subanalysis showed a similar result for physical health of patients with prostate cancer (OR 0.68, CI 0.48-0.96, p=0.030) and general health of patients with kidney cancer (OR 0.37, CI 0.19-0.75, p=0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: Distribution of survivorship care plans to genitourinary malignancy survivors has increased since 2012 in response to advocacy from national organizations. Nonetheless, utilization is low and there is heterogeneity in the populations likely to receive a survivorship care plan. There is a measurable association between survivorship care plans and improved health status but further study is needed to determine causality.
Linscott, Joshua A; Rutan, Madeline C; Han, Paul K J; Hansen, Moritz H; Hayn, Matthew H; Ryan, Stephen T; Trinh, Quoc-Dien; and Sammon, Jesse D, "Receipt of Survivorship Care Plans and Self-Reported Health Status among Patients with Genitourinary Malignancy." (2020). Maine Medical Center. 1950.