Phospho-proteomic discovery of novel signal transducers including thioredoxin-interacting protein as mediators of erythropoietin-dependent human erythropoiesis.
Center for Molecular Medicine, Maine Medical Center Research Institute
Erythropoiesis, Erythropoietin, Humans, Phosphoproteins, Proteomics
Erythroid cell formation critically depends on signals transduced via erythropoietin (EPO)/EPO receptor (EPOR)/JAK2 complexes. This includes not only core response modules (e.g., JAK2/STAT5, RAS/MEK/ERK), but also specialized effectors (e.g., erythroferrone, ASCT2 glutamine transport, Spi2A). By using phospho-proteomics and a human erythroblastic cell model, we identify 121 new EPO target proteins, together with their EPO-modulated domains and phosphosites. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment for "Molecular Function" identified adaptor proteins as one top EPO target category. This includes a novel EPOR/JAK2-coupled network of actin assemblage modifiers, with adaptors DLG-1, DLG-3, WAS, WASL, and CD2AP as prime components. "Cellular Component" GO analysis further identified 19 new EPO-modulated cytoskeletal targets including the erythroid cytoskeletal targets spectrin A, spectrin B, adducin 2, and glycophorin C. In each, EPO-induced phosphorylation occurred at pY sites and subdomains, which suggests coordinated regulation by EPO of the erythroid cytoskeleton. GO analysis of "Biological Processes" further revealed metabolic regulators as a likewise unexpected EPO target set. Targets included aldolase A, pyruvate dehydrogenase α1, and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), with EPO-modulated p-Y sites in each occurring within functional subdomains. In TXNIP, EPO-induced phosphorylation occurred at novel p-T349 and p-S358 sites, and was paralleled by rapid increases in TXNIP levels. In UT7epo-E and primary human stem cell (HSC)-derived erythroid progenitor cells, lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA knockdown studies revealed novel pro-erythropoietic roles for TXNIP. Specifically, TXNIP's knockdown sharply inhibited c-KIT expression; compromised EPO dose-dependent erythroblast proliferation and survival; and delayed late-stage erythroblast formation. Overall, new insight is provided into EPO's diverse action mechanisms and TXNIP's contributions to EPO-dependent human erythropoiesis.
Held, Matthew A; Greenfest-Allen, Emily; Jachimowicz, Edward; Stoeckert, Christian J; Stokes, Matthew P; Wood, Antony W; and Wojchowski, Don M, "Phospho-proteomic discovery of novel signal transducers including thioredoxin-interacting protein as mediators of erythropoietin-dependent human erythropoiesis." (2020). Maine Medical Center. 1976.