Vitamin D and calcium: what do we need to know?
Maine Medical Center Research Institute
Clinical obstetrics and gynecology
Bone Density, Bone Density Conservation Agents, Calcium, Dietary, Dietary Supplements, Female, Humans, Nutritional Requirements, Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal, Osteoporotic Fractures, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Vitamin D, Vitamin D Deficiency, Vitamins
This chapter provides a summary of the literature including results from large trials, meta-analyses, and recent major recommendations. Two well-accepted and recent recommendations include those from the Agency for Health Research and Quality on calcium and vitamin D supplementation and from the Institute of Medicine's dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. This review suggests that there is strong evidence for synergistic roles of calcium and vitamin D in maintaining bone health in postmenopausal women, but the correlation between vitamin D alone and bone health is overall inconclusive.
Zhang, Vincent; Jiang, Xuezhi; Farukhi, Yousaf Z; Rosen, Clifford J; and Schnatz, Peter F, "Vitamin D and calcium: what do we need to know?" (2013). Maine Medical Center. 2068.