The Changing Paradigm of Head and Neck Paragangliomas: What Every Otolaryngologist Needs to Know.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
Genetic Testing, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Mutation, Otolaryngologists, Paraganglioma, Phenotype
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGL) have undergone a fundamental reorientation in the last decade as a result of increased understanding of the genetic and pathophysiologic basis of these disorders.
OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of HNPGL and recent discoveries regarding their molecular genetics, along with updated recommendations on workup, treatment, and surveillance, and their implications for otolaryngologists treating patients with these disorders.
CONCLUSION: Otolaryngologists are likely to encounter patients with HNPGL. Keeping abreast of the latest recommendations, especially regarding genetic testing, workup for additional tumors, multi-disciplinary approach to care, and need for lifelong surveillance, will help otolaryngologists appropriately care for these patients.
Cass, Nathan D; Schopper, Melissa A; Lubin, Jonathan A; Fishbein, Lauren; and Gubbels, Samuel P, "The Changing Paradigm of Head and Neck Paragangliomas: What Every Otolaryngologist Needs to Know." (2020). Maine Medical Center. 2091.