Mental status changes during elexacaftor/tezacaftor / ivacaftor therapy

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Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society


Elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor (ELX/TEZ/IVA, Trikafta) is the newest Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) modulator drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Post-marketing reports with earlier CFTR modulators suggest these medications can impact mood, and in clinical trials an adverse effect of headache was reported with all currently approved CFTR modulators. However, there are no other documented reports of mental status changes during clinical trials or in post-marketing reports with elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor. In this case series, we describe 6 patients who reported "mental fogginess" or other mental status changes shortly after initiation of this drug. The mechanism of this patient-reported side effect is still unclear. All patients noticed a change within the first 3 months of therapy. The management differed in each case, with all four cystic fibrosis (CF) care teams utilizing a patient-centered decision-making approach to address this concern.

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