Transient Idiopathic Polyhydramnios: Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes: Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes

Document Type


Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine


OBJECTIVES: To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with transient and persistent idiopathic polyhydramnios to those with normal amniotic fluid volume. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included subjects delivering a singleton pregnancy between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2020, with sonography ≥26 weeks' gestation demonstrating transient or persistent idiopathic polyhydramnios (amniotic fluid index [AFI] ≥24.0 cm) or normal AFI (referent group). The primary maternal outcome was a composite of spontaneous preterm deliveryweeks, cesarean delivery for malpresentation, abnormal labor progress, or nonreassuring fetal status, operative vaginal delivery, hemorrhage requiring transfusion, and umbilical cord prolapse. The primary perinatal outcome was a composite of birthweight >4500 g, fetal or neonatal death, 5-minute Apgar score 24 hours. RESULTS: Patients with transient polyhydramnios (n = 259) exhibited maternal outcomes similar to those of the referent group (n = 435) but had significantly increased odds for the primary perinatal outcome (odds ratio [OR] 1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15-2.53; P = .008) and for birthweight ≥4500 g (OR 8.70, 95% CI 1.89-40.0; P = .005). Persistent polyhydramnios (n = 176) was significantly associated with both the primary maternal (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.27-2.95, P = .002) and primary perinatal outcome (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.40-3.30; P < .001), and individually with cesarean delivery for abnormal labor (OR 3.22, 95% CI 1.55-6.68; P = .002) and birthweight ≥4500 g (OR 8.97, 95% CI 1.84-43.6; P = .007). CONCLUSIONS: Transient idiopathic polyhydramnios does not impact maternal outcomes but is associated with increased odds of newborn birthweight >4500 g. Persistent polyhydramnios is associated with both adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.