Determination of the locus of the heart vector from body surface measurements: model experiments
Journal of electrocardiology
Body Surface Area; Electric Conductivity; Electrodes; Female; Heart (physiology); Humans; Male; Mathematics; Models, Biological; Potentiometry; Vectorcardiography
Based on the Gabor-Nelson equations a technique is described for measuring the location of the resultant heart dipole (locus-cardiogram). The technique uses three rows of eight electrodes, a head and a foot lead. Experiments with a male and a female human torso model showed good agreement between actual andmeasured dipole locations. The presence of intrathoracic electricla inhomogeneities shifts theapparetn locus of the dipole toward the highly conductive mass. The conductivity of the volume conductor and the dipole monent value do not introduce any error into the computed locus of the dipole. It is concluded that the technique is accurate and simple enough to be used for experimental and clinical observation.
Nelson CV, Hodgkin BC, Voukydis PC. Determination of the locus of the heart vector from body surface measurements: model experiments. J Electrocardiol. 1975;8(2):135-146. doi:10.1016/s0022-0736(75)80021-5
Maine Medical Center Historical Publications