DIPOLE MOMENT OF ISOLATED RABBIT HEART
The American journal of physiology
Animals; Electrocardiography; Heart; Lagomorpha; Rabbits; Research; Vectorcardiography
The spatial dipole moment, M, of the isolated perfused rabbit heart at the center of a spherical container was determined during the cardiac cycle from three sets of bipolar voltage measurements. Average peak values for 12 experiments were 72,355, and 128 µa-cm for P, QRS, and T waves, respectively. Rates of change of M and spatial angle were also calculated. Successive excitation vectors are described by a sequence of numbers indicating directions in space. Comparisons between frontal plane vectors of in vivo and isolated hearts showed that, in QRS, average mean values of αf were 51° and 57°; for T these angles were 73° and –137°, indicating a reversal of direction. For P, the angles were 67° and –33°. The hypothesis is advanced that the spread of excitation in the atria is faster along the endocardial surface due to the relatively low resistivity of intracardiac blood; this results in a substantial dipole component perpendicular to the atrial wall.
NELSON CV, WAGGONER WC, GASTONGUAY PR. DIPOLE MOMENT OF ISOLATED RABBIT HEART. Am J Physiol. 1965;208:250-254. doi:10.1152/ajplegacy.19188.8.131.52