Can hospital adult code-teams and individual members perform high-quality CPR? A multicenter simulation-based study incorporating an educational intervention with CPR feedback

Document Type


Publication Date



Nursing, Emergency Medicine

Journal Title

Resuscitation Plus


AIMS: A multicenter simulation-based research study to assess the ability of interprofessional code-teams and individual members to perform high-quality CPR (HQ-CPR) at baseline and following an educational intervention with a CPR feedback device. METHODS: Five centers recruited ten interprofessional teams of AHA-certified adult code-team members with a goal of 200 participants. Baseline testing of chest compression (CC) quality was measured for all individuals. Teams participated in a baseline simulated cardiac arrest (SCA) where CC quality, chest compression fraction (CCF), and peri-shock pauses were recorded. Teams participated in a standardized HQ-CPR and abbreviated TeamSTEPPS® didactic, then engaged in deliberate practice with a CPR feedback device. Individuals were assessed to determine if they could achieve ≥80% combined rate and depth within 2020 AHA guidelines. Teams completed a second SCA and CPR metrics were recorded. Feedback was disabled for assessments except at one site where real-time CPR feedback was the institutional standard. Linear regression models were used to test for site effect and paired -tests to evaluate significant score changes. Logistic univariate regression models were used to explore characteristics associated with the individual achieving competency. RESULTS: Data from 184 individuals and 45 teams were analyzed. Baseline HQ-CPR mean score across all sites was 18.5% for individuals and 13.8% for teams. Post-intervention HQ-CPR mean score was 59.8% for individuals and 37.0% for teams. There was a statistically significant improvement in HQ-CPR mean scores of 41.3% (36.1, 46.5) for individuals and 23.2% (17.1, 29.3) for teams ( < 0.0001). CCF increased at 3 out of 5 sites and there was a mean 5-s reduction in peri-shock pauses ( < 0.0001). Characteristics with a statistically significant association were height ( = 0.01) and number of times performed CPR ( = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Code-teams and individuals struggle to perform HQ-CPR but show improvement after deliberate practice with feedback as part of an educational intervention. Only one site that incorporated real-time CPR feedback devices routinely achieved ≥80% HQ-CPR.

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