ASCCP Committee Opinion: Adjuvant Human Papillomavirus Vaccine for Patients Undergoing Treatment for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Document Type


Publication Date



Obstetrics & Gynecology

Journal Title

Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease

MeSH Headings

Female; Humans; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (prevention & control, pathology); Human Papillomavirus Viruses; Papillomavirus Vaccines; Papillomavirus Infections (complications, prevention & control); Uterine Cervical Dysplasia (pathology)


OBJECTIVES: Individuals treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) are at long-term risk of persistent or recurrent disease despite treatment. This committee opinion aims to summarize and provide evidence-based recommendations for adjuvant human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination based on available, published literature. METHODS: A task force from the ASCCP Practice Committee reviewed current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines and previously published literature about the role of adjuvant HPV vaccination in previously unvaccinated individuals undergoing treatment for CIN2+ and other HPV-related diseases. RESULTS: Current CDC guidelines recommend routine or catch-up HPV vaccination for individuals aged 9 to 26 years, and shared decision making regarding vaccination for individuals aged 27 to 45 years. Multiple published studies suggest a possible benefit for adjuvant HPV vaccination in previously unvaccinated individuals undergoing treatment for CIN2+. CONCLUSIONS: The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology recommends adherence to current CDC recommendations for vaccination of individuals aged 9 to 26 years and consideration of the possible benefit of adjuvant HPV vaccination during shared decision making for previously unvaccinated individuals aged 27 to 45 years who are undergoing treatment for CIN2+.

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