Comparison of intraoperative tranexamic acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid in cardiopulmonary bypass patients
OBJECTIVE: To compare tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Over a consecutive 2-year period, 824 adult cardiac surgery patients who received TXA during an EACA shortage were compared with 778 patients who received EACA postshortage. Patient characteristics and process and outcome variables were collected through chart review and database queries. This retrospective analysis used inverse probability of treatment weighting to control for confounding by indication, and propensity scores were calculated using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: In adjusted models, overall transfusion rates for the TXA cohort (odds ratio [OR], 0.94; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.81-1.10) and administration of platelets (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.85-1.27), red blood cells (OR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.80-1.09), fresh frozen plasma (OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.79-1.25), and cryoprecipitate (OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.71-1.64) were equivalent to the EACA cohort. In addition, there was no statistical difference with respect to stroke, seizure, mortality, reoperation for bleeding, chest tube drainage, and acute kidney injury. Patients who received TXA had shorter ventilator times (difference in medians -1.33 hours [95% CI, -1.86 to -0.80]) and lower postsurgical charges (difference of medians -$2913 [95% CI, -5147 to -679]). CONCLUSIONS: Substituting TXA for EACA during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass did not change transfusion rate or amount, nor was there a significant difference in chest tube drainage. Patients who received TXA had a statistically significant but not clinically significant lower postoperative ventilator times and charges without an increase in mortality, stroke, reoperation for bleeding, acute kidney injury, or seizures.
Broadwin M, Grant PE, Robich MP, et al. Comparison of intraoperative tranexamic acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid in cardiopulmonary bypass patients. JTCVS Open. 2020;3:114-125. Published 2020 May 22. doi:10.1016/j.xjon.2020.05.003