The association of histopathologic features after neoadjuvant chemo-immunotherapy with clinical outcome: Sub-analyses from the randomized double-blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase III IMagyn050/GOG3015/ENGOT-ov39 study

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Gynecologic oncology


OBJECTIVE: Histopathologic characteristics after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) may correlate with outcome. This study evaluates histopathologic features after immunotherapy and NACT/bevacizumab, and associated clinical outcomes. METHODS: Evaluable tissue from IMagyn050/GOG3015/ENGOT-ov39 patients from prespecified anatomic sites from interval cytoreductive surgery (ICS) after NACT/bevacizumab plus atezolizumab/placebo underwent central histopathologic scoring and analyzed with clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The predefined population had 243 evaluable NACT patients, with 48.1% tumors being PD-L1-positive. No statistically significant differences in PFS (16.9 months vs. 19.2 months, p = 0.21) or OS (41.5 months vs. 45.1 months, p = 0.67) between treatment arms were seen. Substantial residual tumor (RT) (3+) was identified in 26% atezolizumab vs. 24% placebo arms (p = 0.94). Most showed no (1+) necrosis (82% vs. 96%, respectively, p = 0.69), moderate (2+) to severe (3+) fibrosis (71% vs. 75%, respectively, p = 0.82), and extensive (2+) inflammation (53% vs. 47% respectively, p = 0.48). No significant histopathologic differences were identified by tissue site or by arm. Multivariate analyses showed increased risk for progression with moderate and substantial RT (13.6 mon vs. 21.1 mon, hazard ratio 2.0, p < 0.01; 13.6 mon vs. 21.1 mon, HR 1.9, p < 0.01, respectively); but decreased risk for death with extensive inflammation (46.9 mon vs. 36.3 mon, HR 0.65, p = 0.02). Inflammation also correlated with greater likelihood of response to NACT/bevacizumab plus immunotherapy (odds ratio 2.9, p < 0.01). Modeling showed inflammation as a consistent but modest predictor for OS. CONCLUSIONS: Detailed histologic assessment of ICS specimens appear to identify characteristics, such as inflammation and residual tumor, that may provide insight to certain clinical outcomes. Future work potentially leveraging emerging tools may provide further insight into outcomes.

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