Title

Emerging EPO and EPO receptor regulators and signal transducers.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-4-2015

Institution/Department

Molecular Medicine, MMCRI

Journal Title

Blood

MeSH Headings

Anemia, Animals, Erythroid Precursor Cells, Erythropoiesis, Erythropoietin, Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Janus Kinase 2, MAP Kinase Signaling System, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Rats, Receptors, Erythropoietin, STAT5 Transcription Factor, ras Proteins

ISSN

1528-0020

Abstract

As essential mediators of red cell production, erythropoietin (EPO) and its cell surface receptor (EPO receptor [EPOR]) have been intensely studied. Early investigations defined basic mechanisms for hypoxia-inducible factor induction of EPO expression, and within erythroid progenitors EPOR engagement of canonical Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (JAK2/STAT5), rat sarcoma/mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (RAS/MEK/ERK), and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways. Contemporary genetic, bioinformatic, and proteomic approaches continue to uncover new clinically relevant modulators of EPO and EPOR expression, and EPO's biological effects. This Spotlight review highlights such factors and their emerging roles during erythropoiesis and anemia.

First Page

3536

Last Page

3541

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