Title

State-by-state variation in prostate-specific antigen screening trends following the 2011 United States Preventive Services Task Force panel update.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2018

Institution/Department

Urology, CORE

Journal Title

Urology

MeSH Headings

Advisory Committees, Aged, Early Detection of Cancer, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Preventive Health Services, Prostate-Specific Antigen, Prostatic Neoplasms, United States

ISSN

1527-9995

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate state-by-state trends in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening prevalence after the 2011 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against this practice.

METHODS: We included 222,475 men who responded to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012 and 2014 surveys, corresponding to early and late post-USPSTF populations. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of PSA screening and to calculate the adjusted and weighted state-by-state PSA screening prevalence and respective relative percent changes between 2012 and 2014. To account for unmeasured factors, the correlation between changes in PSA screening over time and changes in screening for colorectal and breast cancer were assessed. All analyses were conducted in 2016.

RESULTS: Overall, 38.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 38.6%-39.2%) reported receiving PSA screening in 2012 vs 35.8% (95% CI = 35.1%-36.2%) in 2014. State of residence, age, race, education, income, insurance, access to care, marital status, and smoking status were independent predictors of PSA screening in both years (all P

CONCLUSION: There is a significant state-by-state variation in PSA screening trends following the 2011 USPSTF recommendation. Further research is needed to elucidate the reasons for this heterogeneity in screening behavior among the states.

First Page

56

Last Page

65

Share

COinS