Alcohol Consumption in Ugandan HIV-Infected Household-Brewers Versus Non-Brewers.

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Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Maine Medical Center Research Institute

Journal Title

AIDS and behavior

MeSH Headings

Adult, African Continental Ancestry Group, Alcohol Drinking, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Glycerophospholipids, HIV Infections, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Residence Characteristics, Uganda, Young Adult


The brewing of alcohol in Ugandan households is common, yet little is known about its relationship with alcohol consumption in HIV-infected individuals. We performed a cross-sectional analysis to assess the association between household brewing and unhealthy alcohol consumption among 387 HIV-infected adults in a prospective study examining the association between alcohol consumption and HIV-disease progression. Household brewing was defined as participants reporting that they or a household member home-brewed alcohol. Logistic regression was used to assess the association between household brewing and unhealthy alcohol consumption, defined as phosphatidylethanol (PEth) level ≥50 ng/ml or AUDIT-C (modified to measure the prior 3 months) positive. Sixty-six (17.0 %) participants reported household brewing. Household brewers had higher odds of unhealthy alcohol consumption (AOR 2.27, 95 % CI 1.26-4.12). Among HIV-infected individuals, household brewing was associated with unhealthy alcohol consumption. Interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in this population could target household brewers.



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