Title

Notch signal integration in the vasculature during remodeling.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2014

Institution/Department

Molecular Medicine

Journal Title

Vascular pharmacology

MeSH Headings

Animals, Blood Vessels, Endothelial Cells, Humans, Myocytes, Smooth Muscle, Phenotype, Receptors, Notch, Signal Transduction

ISSN

1879-3649

Abstract

Notch signaling plays many important roles in homeostasis and remodeling in the vessel wall, and serves a critical role in the communication between endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells. Within blood vessels, Notch signaling integrates with multiple pathways by mechanisms including direct protein–protein interaction, cooperative or synergistic regulation of signal cascades, and co-regulation of transcriptional targets. After establishment of the mature blood vessel, the spectrum and intensity of Notch signaling change during phases of active remodeling or disease progression. These changes can be mediated by regulation via microRNAs and protein stability or signaling, and corresponding changes in complementary signaling pathways. Notch also affects endothelial cells on a system level by regulating key metabolic components. This review will outline the most recent findings of Notch activity in blood vessels, with a focus on how Notch signals integrate with other molecular signaling pathways controlling vascular phenotype.

First Page

97

Last Page

104

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