Results of the Nellix system investigational device exemption pivotal trial for endovascular aneurysm sealing.
OBJECTIVE: The Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing system (Endologix, Inc, Irvine, Calif) is a novel approach to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) endovascular repair whereby biocompatible polymer is employed to exclude and to seal the AAA sac. We report 30-day results of the U.S. pivotal trial.
METHODS: Consecutive, eligible, consenting patients were enrolled at 29 sites in the United States and Europe. Inclusion criteria required an asymptomatic infrarenal AAA, with aortic neck length ≥10 mm and angle to the sac ≤60 degrees, aortic neck diameter of 18 to 32 mm, aneurysm blood lumen diameter ≤6 cm, common iliac artery lumen diameter of 9 to 35 mm, access artery diameter ≥6 mm, and serum creatinine level ≤2 mg/dL. Follow-up at 30 days included clinical assessment and computed tomography angiography evaluation of endoleaks and device integrity as assessed by a core laboratory. The primary safety end point is the incidence of independently adjudicated 30-day major adverse events (MAEs), with success defined as superiority with reference to the Society for Vascular Surgery open repair control group (56%).
RESULTS: Between January and November 2014, 150 trial patients having a mean AAA diameter of 5.8 cm were enrolled and treated with the Nellix system with 100% procedural success. One early death (0.7%) occurred secondary to multisystem organ failure. All 149 surviving patients completed 30-day follow-up. There were no aneurysm ruptures, conversions, limb thromboses, stent fractures, or stent kinking. Five early MAEs occurred in four patients (2.7%) and included one death, bowel ischemia (1), renal failure (2), and respiratory failure (1). One (0.7%) secondary intervention to treat inadvertent coverage of a renal artery was performed. The core laboratory identified nine (6%) endoleaks (one type I, eight type II) on 30-day computed tomography angiography. Freedom from MAE was 97.3% (95% confidence interval, 93.3%-99.0%).
CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients, perioperative outcomes with the Nellix system for endovascular aneurysm sealing are encouraging, with very low 30-day morbidity and mortality and high procedural success. The primary safety end point has been achieved. Longer term follow-up is in progress.