Colorectal carcinoma in pediatric patients: A comparison with adult tumors, treatment and outcomes from the National Cancer Database.
BACKGROUND: Pediatric colorectal cancer (CRC) is rare. Comparison with adult CRC tumors, management, and outcomes may identify opportunities for improvement in pediatric CRC care.
STUDY DESIGN: CRC patients in the National Cancer Data Base from 1998 to 2011, were grouped into Pediatric (≤21years), early onset adult (22-50) and older adult (>50) patients. Groups were compared with χ(2) and survival analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 918 pediatric (Ped), 157,779 early onset adult (EA), and 1,304,085 older adults (OA) were identified (p
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest cohort of pediatric CRC patients, revealing more aggressive tumor histology and behavior in children, particularly in rectal cancer. Despite standard oncologic treatment, age ≤21 was a significant predictor of mortality. This is likely owing to worse tumor biology rather than treatment disparities and may signal the need for different therapeutic strategies.