Title

Deletion of Mbtps1 (Pcsk8, S1p, Ski-1) Gene in Osteocytes Stimulates Soleus Muscle Regeneration and Increased Size and Contractile Force with Age.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-26-2016

Institution/Department

Maine Medical Center Research Institute

Journal Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

MeSH Headings

Animals, Crosses, Genetic, Energy Metabolism, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Male, Mice, Knockout, Muscle Contraction, Muscle Development, Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch, Muscle Strength, Muscle, Skeletal, Musculoskeletal Development, Myogenic Regulatory Factors, Osteocytes, Proprotein Convertases, RNA, Messenger, Sarcopenia, Serine Endopeptidases, Transcription Factors

Abstract

Conditional deletion of Mbtps1 (cKO) protease in bone osteocytes leads to an age-related increase in mass (12%) and in contractile force (30%) in adult slow twitch soleus muscles (SOL) with no effect on fast twitch extensor digitorum longus muscles. Surprisingly, bone from 10-12-month-old cKO animals was indistinguishable from controls in size, density, and morphology except for a 25% increase in stiffness. cKO SOL exhibited increased expression of Pax7, Myog, Myod1, Notch, and Myh3 and 6-fold more centralized nuclei, characteristics of postnatal regenerating muscle, but only in type I myosin heavy chain-expressing cells. Increased expression of gene pathways mediating EGF receptor signaling, circadian exercise, striated muscle contraction, and lipid and carbohydrate oxidative metabolism were also observed in cKO SOL. This muscle phenotype was not observed in 3-month-old mice. Although Mbtps1 mRNA and protein expression was reduced in cKO bone osteocytes, no differences in Mbtps1 or cre recombinase expression were observed in cKO SOL, explaining this age-related phenotype. Understanding bone-muscle cross-talk may provide a fresh and novel approach to prevention and treatment of age-related muscle loss.

ISSN

1083-351X

First Page

4308

Last Page

4322

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