Title

Effects of personalized colorectal cancer risk information on laypersons' interest in colorectal cancer screening: The importance of individual differences.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2015

Institution/Department

CORE

Journal Title

Patient education and counseling.

MeSH Headings

Colorectal Neoplasms, Early Detection of Cancer, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Individuality, Male, Mass Screening, Patient Acceptance of Health Care

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how personalized quantitative colorectal cancer (CRC) risk information affects laypersons' interest in CRC screening, and to explore factors influencing these effects.

METHODS: An online pre-post experiment was conducted in which a convenience sample (N=578) of laypersons, aged >50, were provided quantitative personalized estimates of lifetime CRC risk, calculated by the National Cancer Institute Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool (CCRAT). Self-reported interest in CRC screening was measured immediately before and after CCRAT use; sociodemographic characteristics and prior CRC screening history were also assessed. Multivariable analyses assessed participants' change in interest in screening, and subgroup differences in this change.

RESULTS: Personalized CRC risk information had no overall effect on CRC screening interest, but significant subgroup differences were observed. Change in screening interest was greater among individuals with recent screening (p=.015), higher model-estimated cancer risk (p=.0002), and lower baseline interest (p

CONCLUSION: Effects of quantitative personalized CRC risk information on laypersons' interest in CRC screening differ among individuals depending on prior screening history, estimated cancer risk, and baseline screening interest.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Personalized cancer risk information has personalized effects-increasing and decreasing screening interest in different individuals.

ISSN

1873-5134

First Page

1280

Last Page

1286

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